Tipos de lesiones cerebrales causadas por accidentes

03/22/21
Todos los años miles de personas sufren lesiones cerebrales traumáticas como resultado de un accidente automovilístico.  El cerebro es uno de los órganos más grandes y complejos del cuerpo y contiene varias regiones que son sensibles y susceptibles a heridas. Contrariamente a la creencia popular, no se requiere un accidente catastrófico para causar una lesión cerebral. Una sacudida o golpe repentino a la cabeza en un accidente de auto puede muy bien provocar una lesión cerebral traumática.  Lesiones como esa pueden tener efectos duraderos en las habilidades físicas y mentales de un individuo. 

Estadísticas de los Accidentes Automovilísticos

¿Sabía que hay aproximadamente 2,87 millones de visitas a la sala de emergencia al año que están relacionadas con lesiones cerebrales traumáticas sufridas en accidentes automovilísticos?  Según el Centro de Control de Enfermedades, alrededor de 50.000 personas al año mueren por lesiones cerebrales traumáticas relacionadas con accidentes de auto, mientras que 90.000 personas sufren discapacidad a largo plazo. Las lesiones cerebrales traumáticas relacionadas con los accidentes de auto son la principal causa de muerte de las personas entre 5 y 44 años  Sin duda, estas estadísticas de lesiones por accidentes de auto son asombrosas. Este tipo de lesiones cerebrales son conocidas como TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury).  Un TBI ocurre cuando hay un golpe repentino y violente a la cabeza, o un objeto perfora directamente el cráneo y toca el tejido blando del cerebro. 

Tipo de Lesiones Cerebrales Causadas por Accidentes Automovilísticos

Hay varios tipos de lesiones cerebrales que causan traumas. Estos son unos cuantos de los tipos de lesiones cerebrales más comunes causadas por accidentes de auto que debe reconocer:
  • Concusión 

La concusión es una de las lesiones cerebrales traumáticas más leves causadas por una sacudida o golpe a la cabeza o el cuerpo. Movimientos repentinos o un golpe que causa que el cráneo se tuerza puede hacer que el cerebro se mueva y la química del cerebro cambie.  Si bien la mayoría de los casos de concusión son leves, en algunos casos pueden ser muy graves. Los síntomas de concusión incluyen dolores de cabeza, nausea, confusión y mareos, por nombrar algunos. 
  • Contusión

Una contusión es un hematoma en el cerebro que ocurre por un impacto externo. Esta lesión localizada puede variar en gravedad dependiendo de la situación y es causada por golpes a la cabeza con un objeto cortante. A menudo, los pacientes que son llevados a la sala de emergencia después de un accidente automovilístico y sufren de una contusión cerebral tienen que someterse a un procedimiento quirúrgico para reducir la inflamación 
  • Lesión Axonal Difusa

Los accidentes automovilísticos son comúnmente la causa de lesiones axonales difusas. Dichas lesiones ocurren cuando la fibra de los nervios (axones) se desgarran, lo cual es causado por la rápida aceleración y desaceleración del cerebro. Los pacientes que sufren de este tipo de lesión cerebral pueden perder el conocimiento por un breve periodo o pueden caer en un estado de coma. 
  • Heridas abiertas de cabeza

Cuando los proyectiles penetran el cráneo y el cerebro, se producen heridas de cabeza abiertas. Este tipo de lesión se caracterizar por un cráneo agrietado o fracturado. Las lesiones de heridas abiertas en la cabeza son tratadas con cirugía cuyo objetivo es reducir la inflamación y aliviar la presión.
  • Lesión cerebral adquirida 

Las lesiones cerebrales adquiridas pueden ser muy peligrosas porque ocurren desde el interior del cuerpo. Dos tipos principales de lesiones cerebrales adquiridas incluyen lesiones hipóxicas y anoxias en las que el cerebro no recibe suficiente oxigeno o sangre. Traumatismos graves al cerebro pueden no ser obvios externamente, pero pueden interrumpir el flujo sanguíneo o disminuir el oxígeno al cerebro, causando daños permanentes o incluso la muerte. 

Busque Atención Medica

Por supuesto, lo primero que debe hacer después de un accidente automovilístico es buscar atención medica lo más pronto posible. Las complicaciones de las lesiones cerebrales causadas por accidentes de auto pueden ocurrir inmediatamente o a unos cuantos días después de la lesión traumática al cerebro. TBI severo puede causar problemas físicos, intelectuales y de comportamiento. Individuos con TBI severo pueden desarrollar problemas de comunicación. 

¿Cuál es el siguiente paso?

Después de buscar atención médica, el siguiente paso a seguir debe ser buscar representación legal. Un abogado de lesiones personales puede ayudar a un individuo que ha sufrido lesiones cerebrales traumáticas debido a la negligencia de otra persona buscar compensación por los daños sostenidos.   Los abogados con experiencia en lesiones personales de Casas Law tienen décadas de experiencia ayudando a las víctimas a recibir compensación de aquellos que son legalmente responsables, como otros conductores y negocios cuyos vehículos estuvieron involucrados. Contáctenos hoy para programar una consulta inicial gratuita.

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